Anxiety disorder is described as a condition where an individual has extreme anxiety which is an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate and is one condition among many other mental disorders. Counsellors is very effective in handling mental disorders. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses are some of the causes of anxiety disorder. There are other causes of anxiety disorder which include genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. At least six months of observation is necessary when diagnosing a person suffering from anxiety disorders checking for symptoms such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others that are related to anxiety disorder. Early diagnosis of anxiety disorders are easily solved by online counselors
The different types of anxiety disorder include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, a panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Generalized anxiety disorder is described by an individual having a long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia only occurs when the concerned individual comes across a specific condition or stimulus which can be an animal or a fluid. Panic disorder is triggered by stress, fear or exercise causing abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes and can last for hours which leads to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder avoids most social gathering as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation from certain individuals or places may make a person to suffer from separation anxiety disorder. Selective mutism is related to shyness and social anxiety where an individual does not speak in specific situation or to certain people.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Cognitive behavioral therapy enhances development of personal coping strategies that improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Using the internet so as to check out for online counsellors who are able to offer free or charged therapy services is important in managing anxiety disorders. It is also important to follow the directives of the counselors so as to manage anxiety disorder.